• Towards a National Policy on Open Educational Resources in Bangladesh 

      (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-05)
      Bangladesh is an E9 country with a huge population and a corresponding demand for quality education. Its challenges are common to those of other developing nations. Whilst the government provides free textbooks at the ...
    • Towards a New Model of Schooling in Seychelles 

      Commonwealth of Learning (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2021-11)
      This report prepared at the request of the Seychelles Ministry of Education presents a new model of schooling in Seychelles and makes a case for strengthening the Seychelles Institute of Distance and Open Learning. The new ...
    • Towards a Strategy on Developing African Teacher Capabilities in the Use of Information and Communication Technology 

      International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD); Open Society Institute for Southern Africa; Commonwealth of Learning; SchoolNet South Africa (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2004)
      This study was commissioned by SchoolNet Africa (SNA) in partnership with the Commonwealth of Learning (COL), the International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD) and the Open Society Initiative of Southern ...
    • Towards an Open Educational Resources Strategy for the Republic of Zambia 

      Mallionson, Brenda (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-10)
      This report provides context and purpose for the adoption of OER in the country and initiates a draft OER strategy for the Republic of Zambia. The introductory section presents the current education system in Zambia with ...
    • Towards Inclusive Education: A Case Study of IGNOU 

      Chaudhary, S V S; Khare, Pankaj; Gupta, Sanjay; Garg, Suresh (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2016-11)
      Towards the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007 -2012), India catered to about 20 per cent of the youth in the age group 17 to 24 years. However, to achieve the threshold level of about 30 per cent by 2020, and address ...
    • Towards More Resilient Schooling: Possible Models for the Future 

      Commonwealth of Learning (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2020)
      Schooling has been associated with teachers and learners interacting in physical classrooms. However, when campuses close, alternative ways need to be found to ensure continuity of learning. This document explores how ...
    • Towards National Policy Guidelines on Open Educational Resources in Malaysia 

      (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-05)
      This report emphasises the importance of open educational resources (OER) for improving equality in education. OER are a worthwhile option to make education more accessible, affordable, shareable and reusable. The adoption, ...
    • Tracking Students’ Eye-Movements when Reading Learning Objects on Mobile Phones: A Discourse Analysis of Luganda Language Teacher-Trainees’ Reflective Observations 

      Kabugo, David; Muyinda, Paul B; Masaazi, Fred M; Mugagga, Anthony M; Mulumba, Mathias B (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2016)
      Although eye-tracking technologies such as Tobii-T120/TX and Eye-Tribe are steadily becoming ubiquitous, and while their appropriation in education can aid teachers to collect robust information on how students move their ...
    • Training and professional development of distance educators: A resource book of articles. 

      McWilliams, Patricia (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 1997)
      Prepared in co-operation with the International Centre for Distance Learning (UK Open University), with the financial assistance of the UK Department for International Development. This is a collection of articles, conference ...
    • Training Handbook: School-Based Teacher Development for Inclusive Education 

      Kenya Institute of Special Education; The Open University, UK (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2020-10)
      This handbook supports a programme of school-based teacher development for Inclusive Education (IE), drawing on international research as well as COL’s resources for the Teacher Futures programme. It presents tools and ...
    • Transformational Change in Delivery at Open Polytechnic, New Zealand 

      Seelig, Caroline; Cadwallader, Alan; Standring, Doug (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-03)
      As long ago as 1992, Greville Rumble was writing about the “competitive vulnerabilities” of single-mode distance teaching institutions [universities]. In the intervening years the challenges he described have only ...
    • Transforming Education with OER 

      Kanwar, Asha (Henley Media Group Limited, 2012)
      Expanding access to quality tertiary education is a critical challenge for developing countries. Faced with burgeoning demand for higher education, open and distance learning (ODL) is now deployed by many conventional ...
    • Transnational qualifications framework for the Virtual University for Small States of the Commonwealth 

      Transnational Qualifications Framework Management Committee (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2015)
      This publication provides small states with procedures and guidelines to translate national accreditation for recognition through VUSSC’s international accreditation program, the Transnational Qualification Framework. ...
    • Turkish Teachers' Awareness and Perceptions of Open Educational Resources 

      Ozdemir, Ozgur; Bonk, Curtis (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-11)
      The purpose of this study is to explore K-12 teachers’ awareness of open educational resources (OER) as well as their perceptions of its potential opportunities and challenges for teaching practices. Data were gathered ...
    • Tutoring in Open and Distance Learning 

      Daweti, A M (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2005)
      As the learning environment in distance education is intended to be highly supportive and learner-centred, regular tutor-led contact sessions are an important learner support strategy that may be an incentive for student ...
    • Tutoring in open and distance learning: a handbook for tutors 

      O'Rourke, Jennifer (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2003)
      This handbook is designed to help you strengthen your understanding of the principles and practice of tutoring in open and distance learning (ODL), and to feel more confident in applying these principles and practices to ...
    • The Two Solitudes of Education Policy and the Challenge of Development 

      Murgatroyd, Stephen; Sahlberg, Pasi (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2016-11)
      Policy makers are challenged to improve educational outcomes, manage scarce resources and secure public acceptance of their initiatives to provide quality, relevant and effective education. In making decisions they are ...
    • Understanding Open Educational Resources 

      Butcher, Neil; Moore, Andrew (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2015-08)
      The fact that you are reading this lesson suggests that you have heard of open educational resources (OER). Currently, there is a lot of buzz about OER. Some see them as totally revolutionising how we bring learning ...
    • Understanding the Profile, Motivations and Current Status of Academic Graduates Through Open and Distance Schooling in India 

      Jha, Jyotsna; Ghatak, Neha; Mahendiran, Shreekanth (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-07)
      In India, Open and Distance Learning for secondary and higher secondary level is mainly provided by the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Secondary education in India pertains to class 9 and 10 catering to the ...
    • UNESCO ICT Competency Framework for Teachers 

      Commonwealth of Learning (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2012-08)
      Promotional video produced by the Commonwealth of Learning, August 2012. Duration: 9:26