Using Information and Communications Technology for Agricultural Extension
Agriculture is the mainstay of many low-income or developing nations’ economies and exports, and provides for the livelihoods of billions of smallholders. These smallholder farmers face low or reducing crop yields and incomes due to land degradation from over-farming, mono-cropping and a reduction in the labour force from the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Women smallholders today play an increasing role in agricultural production but often lack the capital, labour, time and educational levels of their male counterparts, resulting in decreased production, less nutritious crops and community pauperisation. Agricultural extension programmes can provide much-needed help in the form of practical field-advice, innovations from scientists and practitioners, and sound commodity-marketing principles. Yet the enormous demand for smallholder training can never be met through conventional extension methods. Traditionally, extension transfers knowledge from researchers or external experts to farmers through training, demonstration plots and field visits. These programmes rely on face-to-face teaching and learning, tend to be propagated slowly, are small in scale and limited in coverage. Smallholder extension programmes have always been a low priority; nowadays, the increasing privatisation and commercialisation of extension programmes places them even further out of the reach of communities most in need.
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Capacity building of agriculture extension officers and farmers in ICT skills to minimize the digital divide and construct a sustainable social learning capital capable of using ICT for knowledge acquisition and sharing Senadheera, Prasad; Kulasekara, Geetha U; Watthewidanage, Jayantha; Perera, Pradeepa; Senevirathne, M A P K; Prabash, Dineth; Coomaraswamy, Uma (2013-11)Traditionally majority of the rural farming community in Sri Lanka rely on agriculture extension officers for advice, guidance and training opportunities on crop cultivation, particularly due to government assistance schemes ...
Global Agricultural Knowledge Initiative: Strengthening the Global Competence of Students, Faculty and Extension Agents Holz-Clause, Mary; Dileepkumar, Guntuku (2010-11)Education and Training traditionally involve learning from teachers and other pedagogical standards. The role of the teacher is to impart knowledge to those who do not possess them. Teachers talk in front of the class, and ...
Anabel, Nancy J; Malarvannan, S; Karuppaiah, Jegan (2013-11)Indian resource poor farmers face several challenges such as lack of information on soil fertility, availability of quality seeds and other inputs, dependable weather forecast linked advisories, suitable crop varieties, ...
Latchem, Colin (commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2001)Telecentres or 'telecottages' are helping those at the margins of the knowledge economy gain and apply new understandings and skills. Telecentres may be seen as a socially responsive example of 'think global, act local.' ...
The L3Farmers Project: Report and recommendations to the Commonwealth of Learning on Open and Distance Lifelong Learning for Smallholder Farmers and Agricultural Communities Latchem, Colin; Maru, Ajit; Alluri, Krishna (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2004)The following report is based upon Commonwealth of Learning (COL) initiated online discussions, meetings at the second Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning in Durban, South Africa, and research by the authors into ...