The Impact of ICT on the Costs and Economics of Distance Education: A Review of the Literature
The remit for this review was quite broad, requesting coverage of the relevant literature on costing since 2000 as well as on costing-relevant aspects of open educational resources (OER), massive open online courses (MOOCs), mobile learning and distance education (DE) in developing countries. Given the limited space, the review had to be selective. Since the remit also requested the review to be structured in a comprehensive manner, we used the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the direct teaching costs of DE as the guide for selection. The real difference between pre-2000 DE and DE today is due to the impact of ICT.
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Daniel, John (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2009-07-05)WORLD CONFERENCE ON HIGHER EDUCATION UNESCO July 5-8, 2009, Theme: Internationalisation, Regionalisation and Globalisation, Session: Globalisation and Higher Education in Small States: Opportunities and Threats, Sir John ...
Newman, Mairette (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-03)In compiling over 180 cases of successful open and distance non-formal education (ODL NFE) interventions from across the developing world, the late Colin Latchem, author of Open and distance non-formal education in ...
Hussain, Shahid; Ahmed, Moiz U (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)This research study aimed at exploring the new media trends among the open and distance learning students in Pakistan and the ultimate effects of excessive usage of various media outlets on educational learning, life pattern ...
Mannan, Mohammad A (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)Bangladesh Open University (BOU) – only provider of open and distance learning (ODL) in the country –deploys technologies in its educational delivery in accordance with the government’s short and long-run educational and ...