The Impact of ICT on the Costs and Economics of Distance Education: A Review of the Literature
The remit for this review was quite broad, requesting coverage of the relevant literature on costing since 2000 as well as on costing-relevant aspects of open educational resources (OER), massive open online courses (MOOCs), mobile learning and distance education (DE) in developing countries. Given the limited space, the review had to be selective. Since the remit also requested the review to be structured in a comprehensive manner, we used the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the direct teaching costs of DE as the guide for selection. The real difference between pre-2000 DE and DE today is due to the impact of ICT.
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Daniel, John (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2009-07-05)WORLD CONFERENCE ON HIGHER EDUCATION UNESCO July 5-8, 2009, Theme: Internationalisation, Regionalisation and Globalisation, Session: Globalisation and Higher Education in Small States: Opportunities and Threats, Sir John ...
Newman, Mairette (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-03)In compiling over 180 cases of successful open and distance non-formal education (ODL NFE) interventions from across the developing world, the late Colin Latchem, author of Open and distance non-formal education in ...
Book Review: Depover, C., Orivel, F. (2012). Developing countries in the elearning era (Vol. 96). Paris: UNESCO IIPE. Huelsmann, Thomas (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2014)This review will depart from the standard format of a review, which usually starts by giving a brief summary of the reviewed item. Given that the book is readily available online at this URL and includes a good advance ...
Ombeni, Mathias; Thomas, Emmanuel (Open University of Tanzania (OUT);Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2016)Web programming is the practice of writing applications that run on a web server and can be used by many different people. Web programming allows you to turn a simple, static HTML page into a dynamic masterpiece. It allows ...
Macmullen, Paul (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2001)Whilst the latest generation of distance education has brought us a dizzying array of high tech,computer-based education technology and information saturation via the internet, simple audio and audioconferencing technologies ...