Promoting Rural Development in Border Disturbed Regions of India through Inclusive Growth in Agriculture by Using Open And Distance Learning Technologies (ODL)
The Rural Population living in the areas on or near the borders of countries often face inequality in terms of access to better livelihood opportunities as well as assured food and nutrition security. Their challenges are further escalated because of their locations in high security zones where there is a perception of threat or conflict. In spite of being part of the country, the development and prosperity of the rest of the country is not always reflected in these regions. While the reasons for such disparity can be many, there is a need to take stock of the ground realities to develop strategies so that such regions can be included in the development agenda of the country and the world. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of reducing inequality and attaining zero hunger are to be achieved by 2030. According to the Global Food Policy Report 2019, these can be achieved by Rural Revitalization through transformation of our Food and Agriculture system and of rural areas. The population near the International borders of India mainly live in villages and therefore supporting Agriculture and rural development would be key to transformation of such villages at the borders. Further,the use of distance learning technologies would be the most efficient way for leveraging growth in these locations without compromising security concerns. The paper draws attention to the vulnerable population living in the villages along the International borders of India and proposes revitalization of these rural areas by focusing on increasing access to technology, best practices, trade opportunities etc in agriculture and farm enterprise available in the country by using distance learning technology . Collaboration with Security forces at the borders is proposed for connecting with the population through ODL mode. Given the disadvantages of location, security concerns and sometimes conflict in these regions, the paper underlines the need to understand the context within which any intervention will need to operate in these areas for creating a sustainable framework that could consistently support and empower these villages. //Paper ID 251
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