Case Studies of Non-Formal Education by Distance and Open Learning
This research report will be useful to people involved or interested in the planning, development and implementation of non-formal education programmes because of the useful lessons it offers. The case studies in this report demonstrate the potential and importance of distance learning approaches in enhancing the contribution of non-formal education to socio-economic development in Africa. For example, the Zambia Radio Farm Forum programme enables the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries to reach larger numbers of peasant farmers than is possible through other extension services. The Radio Farm Forum programme helps over 21,000 small-scale farmers/peasants in rural areas, who listen and participate in the programme, to learn new knowledge and develop new skills. In the Ghanaian case study, the use of radio strengthened the coverage, by the literacy programme, of the functional and developmental themes. Another important lesson is that distance learning approaches can be effective in changing people's attitudes/behaviour and in motivating rural communities to undertake action leading to the improvement of their socio-economic conditions. The Zambian and Ghanaian case studies again provide good examples. In Zambia, there was evidence of changes resulting from the Radio Farm Forum programmes, which included changes in attitudes to slash and burn shifting cultivation and to certain crops which were previously seen as women's crops. In Ghana, radio changed, among many things, people's attitudes towards family planning and contributed to the establishment of income-generating ventures
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Chege, Pauline N; Kiiru, Rose (2013-11)For many years on end, teaching and learning has been confined within the classroom walls. This has been the case due to the fact that the traditional curriculum design has been unresponsive and rigid .Usually, developed ...
Carr, Alexis; Tenywa, Moses; Balasubramanian, K (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2015-11)The relationship between education and empowerment has been widely debated in development literature. In recent times, social capital and community-centric learning have been increasingly recognized as important variables ...
Open and Distance Learning and Information and Communication Technologies- Implications on Formal and Non formal Education. Situma, David B (Commonwealth of Learning, 2015)The Population; female (% of total) in Kenya was last reported at 50.05 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012. Despite this higher percentage, women in Kenya are not well represented in education and ...
Cognitive and Affective Engagement in a Comparative Perspective: An Evidence of Formal and Non-Formal Post Graduate Students Nadeem, Hamid A; Mehmood, Ehsan; Haider, Irfan (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)This study aimed to determine and compare cognitive and affective engagement of formal and non formal students* at post graduate level. The study was conducted in Federal College of Education Islamabad and four regions of ...
Kanwar, Asha (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2021-11-24)"Achieving Lifelong Learning in the Digital Age: the role of Open Universities", virtually presented by Professor Asha Kanwar, COL President & CEO at the 2021 Lifelong Education Forum, Zhejiang Open University, China, on ...