AG191A: Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension
The term ‘Extension’, has different connotations in different countries. In India, it refers to ‘Transfer of technology; in USA, it means ‘Education’; while in UK, it is advisory work and so on. Extension education is relatively the youngest science, and has the history of about 170 years. There are many misconceptions about extension which need to be addressed. Extension education has developed as a discipline and also as a profession. In recent years, it has emerged as an important service sector. With the developments in technology information, it has emerged as important input in agricultural production. The role of extension professional is to treat the information according to the needs of the client system. Providing customized information to the needy clients is the priority area of extension. // This course deals with objectives, principles, philosophy and dimensions of extension. Programme planning is part of extension. The historic efforts of planning and implementation of extension programmes provide us insights to develop future extension programmes. The implications of innovations and its consequences are the components that have been covered in the course. The latest trends in extension science herald significance of extension in agricultural production. An effort has been made to differentiate between extension educationists and extension service providers. The understandings of fundamentals of extension education lead to development of extension professionals.
- Livelihoods 
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Ramjattan, Jeet; Chowdhury, Ataharul; Ganpat, Wayne (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2020-07-20)Agricultural extension agents are highly credited for their roles of providing advice to farmers and supporting their learning and decision-making to improve livelihoods. The use of appropriate methods to promote learning ...
Maru, Ajit; Latchem, Colin (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2005)Agriculture is the mainstay of many low-income or developing nations’ economies and exports, and provides for the livelihoods of billions of smallholders. These smallholder farmers face low or reducing crop yields and ...
Changing Roles of Agricultural Extension: Harnessing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Adapting to Stresses Envisaged Under Climate Change Meera, Shaik N; Balaji, Venkataraman; Muthuraman, P; Sailaja, B; Dixit, S (2011)The linkages between agriculture and climate are pronounced and often complex. Agricultural systems are most sensitive to extreme climatic events such as droughts, floods and hailstorms, and to seasonal variability and ...
Mundi, Nda E; Tenebe, Vincent A (2013-11)Education has very significance and strategic role in all aspects of the development of any nation. Distance education and e-learning role in agriculture extension services is a viable mechanism for the upliftment of the ...
Achieving Community Development through an Agricultural Extension Programme: Technology Dissemination for Mushroom Farmers De Silva, Nilantha; Wijeratne, Mahinda (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2021-07-20)Mushroom production is a small-scale business unit in rural areas. The Life Long Learning for Farmers (L3F) Programme aims to enhance the socio-economic conditions for them, increasing their access to and use of knowledge ...