Informal Learning and Non-Formal Education for Development
The following article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for individual and community development. It argues that these two modes of education, which are estimated to constitute 70-90% of lifelong learning, are insufficiently represented in the literature of open and distance learning and development. To ensure that these forms of provision take their rightful place alongside the mainstream systems of formal education, it is posited that far more research and evaluation is needed in order to demonstrate their potential and evince quality in their outputs, outcomes and impacts.
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Newman, Mairette (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-03)In compiling over 180 cases of successful open and distance non-formal education (ODL NFE) interventions from across the developing world, the late Colin Latchem, author of Open and distance non-formal education in ...
Open and Distance Learning and Information and Communication Technologies- Implications on Formal and Non formal Education. Situma, David B (Commonwealth of Learning, 2015)The Population; female (% of total) in Kenya was last reported at 50.05 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012. Despite this higher percentage, women in Kenya are not well represented in education and ...
Creating Open Online Courses with Learner Representative Partners to Widen Participation in Higher Education Coughlan, Tim; Goff, Jenny (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-07)Open online courses could provide stepping stones for audiences that are under-represented in higher education (HE). However, there are concerns that these instead proliferate forms of exclusion and do not address known ...
Carr, Alexis; Tenywa, Moses; Balasubramanian, K (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2015-11)The relationship between education and empowerment has been widely debated in development literature. In recent times, social capital and community-centric learning have been increasingly recognized as important variables ...
Motivations, Achievements, and Challenges of Self-Directed Informal Learners in Open Educational Environments and MOOCs Bonk, Curtis J; Lee, Mimi M (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-03)This research targeted the learning preferences, goals and motivations, achievements, challenges, and possibilities for life change of self-directed online learners enrolled in a massive open online course (MOOC) related ...